(This tutorial is an addition to the Video Compression Resource Pages that we created a few years ago. The older one, H264 Step-by-Step Handbrake Tutorial, was intended for compressing videos for EngageMedia.org and other video platforms like Youtube, Vimeo, etc. )
With the Internet becoming faster and cloud storage becoming more accessible, video-makers sending and receiving raw video files for post-production is becoming common practice. There are many challenges in this scenario. First, one would be the big file size of raw video footage. Depending on your camera, a 50-second 1080p clip shot using a DSLR can be as big 500MB. Also, fast Internet may not be accessible for everyone, especially video for change practitioners working on the field or in countries where Internet services remain inadequate. Given this, we recommend video practitioners to transcode their files to H.265 to make it smaller, but at the same time, keep its good quality.
H.265, or High-Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC), is a video compression standard, designed as a successor to the widely used H.264. Compared to H.264, it offers from 25% to 50% better compression at the same level of video quality or substantially improved video quality at the same bit rate.
The downside of H.265 is the longer time needed to transcode video files. Older computers and smartphones (models older than three years ago) may not be able to play or transcode H.265 videos. Despite this, with more people having access to faster computers and smartphones, H.265 will be here to stay.
This tutorial assumes you have an HD video file that is 1920×1080 pixels.
That’s it! We hope you find this tutorial useful. Leave us a comment if you have other questions related to this post.