Dozens of people from Alliance of Independent Journalists (AJI) gathered in Jakarta on 24th-25th September 2017 to discuss journalism and security. In recent years, concern for journalist’s safety, especially in the digital sphere, has become an urgent need. Journalists with many different backgrounds in Indonesia felt the internet poses new threats to them, especially through intensified surveillance and the usage of the Internet for negative purposes. They are complaining that formal laws no longer defend them online. The organizer from the headquarters of AJI Indonesia had invited over twenty branches of AJI, from cities in Sumatera, Sulawesi, Kalimantan, Maluku and Java to come together in Jakarta in order to formulate and share some of the problems they are facing.
During this event, EngageMedia presented research findings regarding the (online) safety and digital security of journalists in Indonesia. We focused on Jakarta, but also shared some more general research results from Indonesia based research and the research from the Philippines. Executive Director of AJI Indonesia, Suwarjono and General Secretary Arfi Bambani Amri were among those participated.
In our presentation, we included a first draft of the short video we developed for this research.
- What kind of threats are out there, are we talking only digital threats?
- How to protect sources, how to safely communicate with them?
- What kind of chat apps for smartphone are safe for you and your colleagues?
- How to secure data? Is google drive safe enough to store sensitive materials?
- How much law or State protection for journalists is there regarding digital threats?
- How can Media companies help journalists to protect themselves? What kind of capacity building do they need?
Results of our discussion and answers to some of the above questions:
- We tried to explain that we may need to build a stronger security culture. We should not depend on certain types of technology and apps only, but also consider the non-tech aspect of digital security.
- Any approach to digital threat needs to be more holistic. We know from experiences that tackling just a few aspects of a (digital) threat is not enough. Things are much more intertwined than we think at first.
- Journalists need to do more research themselves. There are already many resources online, even in Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia).
- There are many individual experiences and best practices on how journalists can protect themselves. These need to be shared.
- Don’t share sensitive materials that can be dangerous to yourself and others on the internet.
- Journalists should be more careful about using social media. They need to know precisely what type of information can be shared through social media.
- Journalists associations and organization can pioneer workshops around security in general and journalist’s digital security more particularly.
The main point emerged from the discussions was that journalists needed more assistance and skill to defend their self and privacy. This can be overcome if they get more help from internal and external actors. On this occasion, some AJI journalists already asked for more technical assistance and this is something that we also suggested that every journalist institution or even media company need to create and sustain their own security procedure and standards.